Amazon Subsidiary AWS Is Working On Its Own Quantum Computer

After IBM and Google, Amazon is also planning to build its own quantum computer. According to a report, software and algorithms are being developed in an internal project.

According to a report by the Handelsblatt, the world's largest cloud computing provider Amazon is working on its own quantum computer. Oskar Painter, head of the quantum hardware team at Amazon Web Services (AWS), told the newspaper:  

We have an internal project to build our own quantum computer and to develop software and algorithms for it

So far, AWS has only used one marketplace from external providers. With the concept of quantum computers, research and industry are reacting to the fact that the development of high-performance computers that has been common up to now is reaching its physical limits.

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A quantum computer does not store information in the form of bits that can only have two possible states, namely one or zero. Instead, a qubit of a quantum computer can be both at the same time, i.e. one and zero. The quantum particle holds both states until you look at it or measure it. This means that quantum computers can theoretically be many times faster and more powerful than conventional computers.

Two billion euros in development aid

So far, Google and IBM have been ahead of AWS when it comes to commercial use of the new technology. Now the Amazon subsidiary also wants to get in directly. Google has been working on quantum computing since 2006 and in 2019 the company claimed to have achieved so-called quantum superiority because its Sycamore processor with 53 qubits performed a calculation faster than the fastest conventional supercomputers.

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IBM has been offering its cloud customers access to its Q System One quantum computer with 20 qubits since 2019. In June, IBM also introduced its first commercial quantum computer in Europe with 25 qubits. This is located in the IBM German headquarters in Ehningen near Stuttgart.

In May, the federal government released a total of two billion euros for the development of quantum computers in order not to be too dependent on US providers. A competitive quantum computer is to be built in Germany within the next five years and an associated ecosystem with potential users is to be created.

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